## Fifth

Mrs. Corey, Ms. Donadelle, Ms. Sanchez, and Mrs. Walton

The student…

•  decodes words to clarify pronunciation, uses context clues and predicting to construct meaning
• develops vocabulary by reading independently and using resources and references
• identifies examples of fact, fiction or opinion
• reads and organizes information from reference materials to write a research report or perform other tasks
• demonstrates knowledge of and supply use of graphic organizers/thinking maps to organize information in all
• content areas
• uses strategies to determine meaning and increase vocabulary (ex. Homonyms, prefixes, suffixes, word-origins, multiple meanings, antonyms, and synonyms)
• identifies, classifies and demonstrates knowledge of words from a variety of categories an or above grade level
• determines the main idea and connects ideas with relevant supporting details
• describes how the author’s purpose and perspective influence the text
• knows characteristics of persuasive text
• understands comparison and contrast, cause-and-effect and sequence of events

#### Writing

The student will…

• write a 5 paragraph essay (Narrative and Expository) with correct punctuation and proper sentence structure
• write using the writing process consisting of six traits; ideas, organization, word choice, sentence fluency, voice, and conventions

#### Mathematics

Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations

The student…

• reads, writes and identifies decimals through thousandths
• reads, writes and identifies whole numbers, fractions and mixed numbers
• uses symbols to compare and order whole numbers, fractions, percents and decimals
• explains the relationship between the decimal number system and other number systems
• demonstrates the inverse feature of multiplication and division
• uses strategies to estimate quantities of one thousand or more
• expresses a whole number as a product of its prime factors
• knows that place value relates to powers of 10
• translates problem situations into diagrams, models or numerals
• multiplies common fractions and decimals to hundredths
• determines the operations needed to solve one and two step problems
• finds factors of numbers to determine if they are prime or composite
• determines the greatest common factor and the least common multiple of two numbers
• applies rules of divisibility and identifies perfect squares to 144

Algebraic Thinking

The student…

• describes, extends, creates, predicts and generalizes or eliminates the numerical and geometric patterns
• analyzes number patterns and states the rule
• uses a variable to represent a given verbal expression
• identifies and explains numerical relationships and patterns using algebraic symbols
• models and solves a number sentence with a missing addend
• translates equations into verbal and written problems

Measurement

The student…

• develops formulas for determining perimeter, area and volume
• classifies and measures (ex., acute, obtuse, right or straight) and measures circumference
• compares length, weight and capacity using customary and metric units
• measures dimensions, weight, mass and capacity using correct units
• estimates length, weight, time, temperature and money for solving problems
• solves problems for determining perimeter, area and volume
• determines whether a solution needs an accurate or estimated measurement
• uses multiplication and division to convert units to measure
• uses schedules, calendars and elapsed time to solve problems
• estimates area, perimeter and volume of a rectangular prism
• selects appropriate unit and tool for measuring

Geometry and Spatial Sense

The student…

• knows and identifies symmetry, congruency and reflections in geometric figures
• describes properties of and draws two and three dimensional figures
• applies and compares the concept of area, perimeter and volume
• knows how to identify, locate and plot ordered pairs of whole numbers on a graph
• knows the relationship between points, lines, line segments, rays and planes
• knows the effect of a flip, slide or turn on a geometric figure
• knows the effect on area and perimeter when figures are combined, rearranged, enlarged or reduced

Data Analysis and Probability

The student…

• selects the appropriate graph for data
• chooses titles, labels, scales and intervals for organizing data on a graph
• completes and interprets circle graphs using common fractions or percents
• uses technology to examine data and construct labeled graphs
• uses a model to represent all possible outcomes for a probability situation
• explains and predicts outcomes that are most likely to occur and tests the predictions
• interprets and compares information from different types of graphs
• generates questions, collects responses and displays data on a graph
• identifies range, median, mean and mode
• uses computer-generated spreadsheets to record and display data
• uses a model to represent all possible outcomes for a probability situation
• designs a survey to collect and display data on a complete graph
• uses statistical data to predict trends and make generalizations

#### Science

The Nature of Science

The student…

• understands that although the same scientific investigation may give slightly different results when it is carried out by different persons or at different times or places, the general evidence collected from the investigation should be replicable by others.
• understands that scientists use different kinds of investigations (for example, observations of events in nature, controlled experiments) depending on the questions they are trying to answer.
• understands the importance of accuracy in conducting measurements, and uses estimation when exact measurements are not possible.

• understands the importance of communication among scientists (for example, informing and becoming informed about scientific investigations in progress and the work of others; exposing ideas to the criticism of others).
• uses strategies to review, compare and contrast, and critique scientific investigations.
• knows that an experiment must be repeated many times and yield consistent results before the results are accepted.
• uses sketches and diagrams to propose scientific solutions to problems.
• constructs models to compare objects in science.
• makes a prediction for a new investigation using the data from a previous investigation.
• understands that change is constantly occurring and uses strategies to analyze different patterns of change.
• knows areas in which technology has improved human lives (for example, transportation, communication, nutrition, sanitation, health care, entertainment).
• knows that new inventions often lead to other new inventions and ways of doing things.
• selects appropriate graphical representations (for example, graphs, charts, diagrams) to collect, record, and report data.
• understands how a solution to one scientific problem can create another problem.
• extends and refines knowledge of ways that, through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas.

Processes that Shape the Earth

The student…

• knows that rocks are constantly being formed and worn away.
• understands how atmospheric pressure affects the water cycle.
• understands how eroded materials are transported and deposited over time in new areas to form new features (for example, deltas, beaches, dunes).
• understands that geological features result from the movement of the crust of the Earth (for example, mountains, volcanic islands).
• understands how the surface of the Earth is shaped by both slow processes (for example, weathering, erosion, deposition) and rapid, cataclysmic events (for example, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes).
• extends and refines knowledge of ways people can reuse, recycle, and reduce the use of resources to improve and protect the quality of life.

The Nature of Matter

The student…

• uses metric tools to determine the density and volume of materials.
• knows that matter is conserved during heating and cooling.
• knows that different materials can be physically combined to produce different substances.
• knows the differences and similarities between mixtures and solutions.
• knows that materials made by chemically combining two or more substances have properties that differ from the original materials.
• knows the difference between physical and chemical changes.
• knows that materials may be made of parts too small to be seen without magnification.

Force and Motion

The student…

• uses scientific tools (for example, stopwatch, meter stick, compass) to measure speed, distance, and direction of an object.
• knows that waves travel at different speeds through different materials.
• understands the relationship between force and distance as it relates to simple machines (for example, levers and fulcrums working to lift objects).
• knows that objects do not change their motion unless acted upon by an outside force.
• understands how friction affects an object in motion.
• knows the relationship between the strength of a force and its effect on an object (for example, the greater the force, the greater the change in motion; the more massive the object, the smaller the effect of a given force).
• knows that motion in space is different from motion on Earth due to changes in gravitational force and friction.
• understands how inertia, gravity, friction, mass, and force affect motion.

Energy

The student…

• knows how to trace the flow of energy in a system (for example, electricity in a circuit to produce heat, light, sound, or magnetic fields).
• knows that energy can be described as stored energy (potential) or energy of motion (kinetic).
• extends and refines use of a variety of tools to measure the gain or loss of energy.
• knows that some materials conduct heat better than others.
• understands that convection, radiation, and conduction are methods of heat transfer.
• knows that the limited supply of usable energy sources (for example, fuels such as coal or oil) places great significance on the development of renewable energy sources.

Earth and Space

The student…

• knows the orbit of the Earth is slightly elliptical and the Earth is closest to the Sun in the Northern Hemisphere in winter.

Processes of Life

The student…

• understands how body systems interact (for example, how bones and muscles work together for movement).
• uses magnifying tools to identify similar cells and different kinds of structures.
• knows the parts of plants and animal cells.
• understands how similar cells are organized to form structures (for example, tissue, organs) in plants and animals.
• knows that many characteristics of an organism are inherited from the genetic ancestors of the organism (for example, eye color, flower color).
• knows that some characteristics result from the organism’s interactions with the environment (for example, flamingos eat a certain crustacean that causes their feathers to be pink).

#### Social Studies

The student…

• study United States History through 1865, starting with the human migration to North America and ending with the conclusion for the Civil War